Initial translation of personal name for Laos and Thailand. Review of personal names for Bolivia. Review of personal names for Guatemala. Independent scholar, Washington, USA. Review of personal names for Albania. National Archives, Tirana, Albania. New Hebrew University, Israel. Review of personal names for Algeria. Initial translation of personal name for Italy, Netherlands, and South Africa.
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Translation and review of personal names for Switzerland. Review of personal names for India. Archives of Martinique, Martinique, France. Review of personal names for Martinique. Independent scholar, United Kingdom.
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Review of personal names for Nepal. Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi, Turkey. University of Alberta, Canada. Review of personal names for Vietnam. Review of personal names for Greece. University of Groningen, Netherlands. Review of personal names for Netherlands. University of California, Riverside.
Formatting of files into tables, word-processing support and advice throughout the project. University of Pittsburgh, USA. At the same time, he took an interest in all questions regarding the archives5. The archives before World War II have been opened since the s. These contain most of the leadership meetings, letters and correspondence of all kind, as well as documents about the activity of the different working sections agit-prop, work amongst peasants, work amongst women and so on. One of the main interests of those archives lies in the fact that they are complete, only very few documents are missing.
Their formal aspects changed according to the period. From on, we find mostly short summaries of the 5 Translated in English by Albin Pontet. This article was first published in: To have a complete view concerning the PCF see also. From on, the user may find original documents. The archives of the Central Committee contain typewritten documents and microfilms of reports and interventions until From that date on, the archives consist of audio recordings.
These archives have their own history. The different ways chosen to record the meetings are of importance. Since the typewritten minutes of the meetings were abandoned in favour of the summaries of decisions, many relevant debates and other details for the database have been lost. A study of these archives without an appropriate methodological approach could only reinforce the myth of a perfect communist organisation. The high number of decisions and directives is, at the first glimpse, presenting a kind of infallible machinery.
On the other hand, the repetition of the same directives at more than one or two meetings could imply that they have still not been executed. In these cases, the archives give more information about the institution than the event. In the heart of indexing However, the database is a research tool which opens some perspectives. Historians and archivists have participated in the conceptual elaboration of the database initiated by the Institute of Contemporary History of the University of Burgundy.
Rosine Fry has conceived the technical adaptation of a 4d computer program, the indexing is being done by some Phd students. The aim of this project is shown through the description by a multitude of indexing fields. The main topics are also described in a specific field. This previous work allows — through a fast and clear reading — a good knowledge of the different meetings.
Through the index three specific fields are created: All geographical sites are indexed. The geographical thesaurus allows any inquiry down to the regional subdivision of each country. Through a single and specific research, it is possible to find other links to enlarge the geographical scale. The indexing by key words is the principal analytic contribution to the inventory. The indexing allows to interrogate with reliability the documents whose characteristics are a special terminology which has evolved in time.
This thesaurus inserts a dimension which respects the linguistic evolutions. This bears a whole range of possiblities for synthetic and exhaustive researching. Finally, the proper names are not only indexed but also specified in different categories relying on the function assumed by the respective person, as author, speaker, simply quoted or present in the meeting.
This makes it possible to search only for the corpus of meetings where the specific person intervenes, or meetings where he is simply present or quoted. For example, one can find Maurice Thorez as a speaker at the sessions of the Politburo or the Secretariat.
One may then become interested about Maurice Thorez quoted rather than speaker. New perspectives As this kind of an innovative inventory permits larger reflections, it simplifies a more comparative approach. The systematic text treatment opens new perspectives. Without modifying the classification, the computerization enables the user to make inquiries which are beyond the possibilities offered by classical inventories.
This database allows a more transversal and thematic approach. Without pretending here to outline a multidisciplinary research program, we can however suggest a few methods of reflections.
For example we can imagine major contributions for a social history that would follow social categories as for example the railway employees in order to study their number, their influence and their force. This database could also support oral history.
All kinds of useful data for biographical research may be obtained via this database. Facing the number of documents more than pages microfilmed , this database may be a useful tool, introducing at the same time a new way of working: This database enables us to digitise the whole of the original document of these leadership archives.
Finally, a link between the thesaurus and the digitised document will then be possible. In this way, the project follows the program defined by Georges Haupt: The Library of Congress obtained the records of the CPUSA on microfilm for research use and preservation with no right of additional reproduction.
Many of the documents in this collection are unique; the records are very detailed regarding the history of the CPUSA, particularly its origins in the s and the early and middle s. IDC Publishers makes this very important resource available for research. This collection provides a strong basis for reconstructing an accurate picture of American communism and anti-communism.
Including an online finding aid. Russische Archive und Geschichtswissenschaft. Theoretische, politische und rechtliche Grundlagen: Arbeit an der Geschichte. Sowjetische Besatzungsverwaltung in Deutschland. Perspektiven der Archivarbeit zur Sowjetgeschichte: This is an important step in order to complete the historical Archive of the Italian Communist Party from to At the congress, eminent Yugoslav and foreign historians presented thirty contributions.
The congress was organized to mark fifty years since the outbreak of the conflict between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, a crucial political event in the postwar history of Yugoslavia, whose repercussions directly affected the fate of the Yugoslav state and the lives of its inhabitants in the decades to come. The breach between the two leading communist parties and their countries also had an important international aspect, particularly in regard to the relations between the Eastern and Western military and political alliances on the eve of the Cold War.
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The Institute wished to provide, on the occasion of this anniversary, an opportunity for historians and other experts dealing with this question to present the results of their research, in view of the fact that archival material and historical distance offer a solid basis for a more objective and thorough study of this complex matter. Former studies have definitely demonstrated that the roots of the conflict lay in the hegemony of the first country of socialism in international relations, in the monopolistic attitude of the Soviet Communist Party and Josif Vissarionovich Stalin, in the mutual relations between certain parties and leaders of socialist countries, and in the personal relations between Stalin and Tito, the greatest authorities of the Eastern European countries, Stalin as the first figure of world communism, and Tito as a confirmed opponent of fascism.
The studies published on this subject provide certain answers regarding the causes and effects of this conflict in relation to the subsequent relations among socialist countries and their communist parties. This collection of studies and presentations of the scientific conference demonstrates that historiography has already achieved substantial results in discerning the causes, the course, and the consequences of these events which marked a turning point in Yugoslav postwar history. Undoubtedly this book will encourage further research of this challenging historical subject.
This improved status included greater political freedom, more opportunity for travel and work abroad, and a series of other privileges. The breach between Tito and Stalin had multifarious effects. In the sphere of foreign politics the conflict with the Soviet Union enabled Yugoslavia to assume a new position in international relations, between the opposing political blocs, and to the subsequent development of Yugoslav foreign policy along the principles of nonalignment.
The British statesmen Winston Churchill and Anthony Eden sought to maintain Western positions and influence in Yugoslavia and to counter the increasing Soviet penetration in Eastern Europe. Their efforts appeared, however, to have little effect. Soviet influence became absolute, since the Yugoslav communists thoroughly applied the Soviet model of government as the most faithful allies of Stalin and the USSR.
Soviet predominance lasted until and the break between Tito and Stalin, which soon evolved into a severe political conflict. The British government saw the breach as a chance to restore Western positions in Yugoslavia and, together with the American administration, hastened to formulate a new political strategy for Yugoslavia.
Needless to say, these relations were not founded on the principles of true economic cooperation between equal partners, but rather took the form of unilateral aid to Yugoslavia, almost exclusively motivated by Western military and political interests.